Rouen catalogue

The issues of Rouen have been comprehensively catalogued by Beaujard and Huvelin, ‘Le trésor de Rouen et l’occupation de la Gaule par Carausius’ Histoire et Numismatique en Haut-Normandie, Cahier des Annales de Normandie 12A, 1980, pp. 63-87. However, since their landmark paper on the series appeared in 1980 a number of additional specimens have been noted, either in public collections or in trade. What this paper aims to do is bring together an updated English language catalogue of the series to students and collectors.

The Rouen coinage was, in all probability, struck at the beginning of the reign of Carausius . The familiar likeness of the emperor from the products of the mints in Britain is not preset on the Rouen coins and they have a crudeness that perhaps betrays their manufacture by an unskilled workforce.

The crude nature of some of the die cutting should not take away from the originality of some of the coin designs, Tutela being a common reverse from this mint but virtually unknown for use at any other mint or time of the Roman imperial coinage.

The coinage at Rouen is known in gold and also as base metal radiate coins (“antoniniani”), unlike the coins marked RSR, an early mint striking in Britain, probably London, for the usurper where a series of good silver laureate bust coins (often called “denarii” in modern literature due to their similarity with the silver coin of the empire that had mostly disappeared by the mid third century).

Beaujard and Huvelin split the base metal radiates into three main series using the obverse legend and the attributes of the bust to make this distinction. Series 1 has the titles C(aesar) and P(ius) F(elix) married with a radiate, draped and cuirassed bust viewed from the front. The second series drop the P F titles but retains the bust type of radiate, draped and cuirassed. The AVG at the end of the obverse legend may also be rendered as IVG. The third, and in their view final, series is also without the P F titling but now the bust type is radiate and cuirassed viewed from the front. Again the title Augustus may be rendered as IVG.

I wonder whether, given the apparent reverse die linkage recorded between the coins of series 2 and 3, these should actually be regarded as one contemporary series.

When looking at specific coin types there seems to be some degree of variability in, say, the rudder of Fortuna. Also, when considering the Salus coins some are reported as being without a snake around the altar. This may or may not be a real difference, however, on some coins where the snake is not reported it may be seen rising to the left of the altar, rather than being entwined around it.

[Images are "clickable" and enlarge]

Gold

IMP CARAVSIVS AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

1    CONCORDIA MILITV
Concordia standing left holding two standards
B&H I-Ia; RIC 621

2    CONCORDIA MILIT, VM in exergue
Emperor and Concordia stood facing each other clasping hands
B&H II-IIIa; RIC 624

IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG
Laureate bust left wearing trabea

3    CONCORDIA MILIT, VM in exergue
Emperor and Concordia stood facing each other clasping hands
B&H IV-IVa; RIC 623

IMP C CARAVSIVS AV
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

4    LETITIA IVI NOS C
Galley right
B&H V; RIC -

5    OPES IVI AVG
Ops standing left dropping coins from hand and holding a cornucopia
B&H VI; RIC -

Antoniniani

Series 1

IMP C CARAVSIVS  P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

6    LETITI A, ? in exergue
Galley right with 11 rowers
B&H 1-2; RIC -

7    PROVIDEN AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
B&H 3-4; RIC cf 652

8    PROVIDEN AVG
Providentia standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
B&H -; RIC cf 655; BM collection

9    PROVIDENTIA AVG
Providentia standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
B&H 13, 21; RIC cf 655

10    [PROVID]ENTIA, [A]VG in exergue
Providentia standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
B&H 20; RIC cf 655

11    SALVS AVG
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H 10, 14; RIC 662

12    SALVS AVG, R in exergue
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H 5-6; RIC -

13    SECVRITAS PERP
Securitas standing left leaning on altar
B&H 7-9; RIC cf 674

 

 

 

 

[New] SPES PVBLICA
Spes advancing left
B&H -; RIC -; “Adrianus” collection

14     TVTELA
Tutela standing left holding patera over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 16-19; RIC 682

15    TVTELA AVG
Tutela standing with hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 11, 22; RIC -

16    TVTELA AVG
Tutela standing left holding patera over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 15; RIC 682

17    VIRTV[…..]
Virtus standing left holding victory on globe, spear and shield to right
B&H 12; RIC -

18    VIRTVS AVG
Virtus standing left resting on shield to left and vertical spear right
B&H 23-5; RIC 696?

Intermediate Series

IMP C CARAVSIVS  P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

19    CONC[…..] MIL
Emperor standing facing Concordia clasping hands
B&H 28; RIC -

20    VIRTVS IVI VG
Virtus standing left resting on shield to left and vertical spear right
B&H 26; RIC cf 700

21    [………] AVG
Helmeted figure seated right holding vertical sceptre
B&H 27; RIC -

IMP C CARAVSIVS  AV
Radiate bust right wearing trabea viewed from the front

22    LETITIA IVI VG
Galley with seven rowers
B&H 32; RIC -

IMP C CARAVSIVS  AVG
Radiate bust right wearing trabea viewed from the front

23    FIDEM MILITVM
Emperor standing facing Fides clasping hands
B&H 29-31; RIC cf 637

VIRT CARAV[…..]
Helmeted radiate bust left holding shield and spear over shoulder viewed from the front

24    TEMP VI AVG, ORA in exergue
Galley with six rowers
B&H 33; RIC -

Series 2

IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

 

 

 

 

[New] CONCOR[...]
Emperor and Concordia clasping hands
B&H -; RIC -;”Adrianus” collection. This coins is a reverse die duplicate of another Concordia coin of Adrianus from the so called series 3.

25    FORT[V]NA RE
Fortuna standing left holding wheel and cornucopia
B&H 62; RIC cf 642

26    FORTVNA RED
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
B&H 57-8; RIC cf 642

27     LETITI AVG
Galley with eight rowers
B&H 34-5; RIC -

28    OPIS IVI AVG
Ops standing right emptying coins from cornucopia
B&H -; RIC -; BM collection

29    PRONTIA AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
B&H 56; RIC -

30    [PROVI]DEN A
Providentia standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
B&H 61; RIC -

31    PROVIDENTIA, PR in exergue
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
B&H 53; RIC -

32    SALVS AVG
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H 36-42, 46; RIC -

33    SECVRIT PE
Securitas standing left leaning on altar
B&H 59; RIC -

34    SECVRITAS PERP
Securitas standing left leaning on altar
B&H 60; RIC -

 

 

 

 

35    TEMPORVM F
Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia
B&H 54-5; RIC 679

 

 

 

 

36    TVTELA
Tutela standing left holding patera over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 48-9, 70; RIC 684

 

 

 

 

37    TVTELA AVG
Tutela standing left holding patera over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 43-5, 69; RIC 684

38    TVTELA AVG
Tutela standing with hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 68; RIC -

39    TVT[E]LA P
Tutela standing left holding branch and cornucopia
B&H 63-4; RIC 684

IMP C CARAVSIVS  IVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

 

 

 

 

 

40    CONCORD MILIT
Emperor and Concordia stood facing each other clasping hands
B&H -; RIC cf 634; Author’s colection

41    PROVIDENT
Providentia standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
B&H 71; RIC cf 657

42    ROMAE AETER[..]
Roma seated left holding globe and vertical sceptre
B&H -; RIC 660; BM collection

 

 

 

 

43    SALVS AVG
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H -; RIC 663; Author’s collection

44    TVTELA
Tutela standing with hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 77; RIC -

 

 

 

 

 

45    TVTELA AVG
Tutela standing hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 75; RIC -

 

 

 

 

46    TVTELA AVG
Tutela standing left holding patera over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 76; RIC cf 683

47    TVT[E]LA P
Tutela standing left holding branch and cornucopia
B&H 72-4; RIC cf 692

IMP C CARAVSIVS  A
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

48    TEMPORVM FEL
Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia
B&H 78; RIC -

49    TVTELA AVG, IOI in exergue
Tutela standing hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 79; RIC cf 684

Series 3

IMP C CARAVSIVS  IVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

 

 

 

 

 

[New] CONCOR[...]
Emperor and Concordia clasping hands
B&H -;RIC -; “Adrianus” collection. This coins is a reverse die duplicate of another Concordia coin of Adrianus from the so called series 2

 

 

 

 

50    ECVITAS MVNDI
Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
B&H 80-3; RIC 630

[50a]    [ECVITAS MI RED
Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
B&H 84; RIC cf 633
Specimen in BM tooled from ECVITAS MVNDI]

51    FORTVNA RED
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
B&H 85-6; RIC 641

52    FORTVNA REDV
Fortuna standing left holding patera over altar with entwined snake, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 87; RIC cf 645

53    FORTVNA RE
Fortuna standing left holding wheel and cornucopia
B&H 103; RIC cf 647

54    LAETITIA, ORA in exergue
Galley right with seven rowers
B&H 88-91; RIC cf 648

55     PROVIDE AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
B&H 92-4; RIC 653

56    SALVS AVG
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H 100-1; RIC 663

57    SALVS AVG, R in exergue
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H 96-9; RIC 663

58    SALVS IVI AV
Salus standing left holding patera and cornucopia, serpent rising from altar
B&H 95; RIC cf 673

59    SECVRITAS PER
Securitas standing left leaning on altar
B&H 104; RIC 675

60    TVTELA
Tutela standing with hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 104 bis; RIC -

61    VIRTVS AVG
Virtus standing left resting on shield to left and vertical spear right
B&H 105-6; RIC 699

IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front

62    FORTVNA REDV, V in left field
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
B&H 108; RIC cf 642

63    PROVIDENTIA AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
B&H 107; RIC 653

64    SECVRITI PERP
Securitas standing left leaning on altar
B&H 109; RIC -

65    T[VTEL]LA A, IOI in exergue
Tutela standing hand over altar, cornucopia in other arm
B&H 110; RIC -

66    VIRTVS AVG
Virtus standing left resting on shield to left and vertical spear right
B&H 111-2; RIC -

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